PSW-272, 4 pp. Cytology and reproductive biology of Meliaceae. 红椿 Toona ciliata. Agri-horti systems adopted by farmers in the Doon valley (Uttar Pradesh, India). Hypsipyla shoot borers of Meliaceae in Australia. Toona ciliata henryi (C. It is an early-successional pioneer that spreads rapidly in cleared areas or in disturbed forests (Weber, 2003). Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. Powdery mildew of toon in Almora, http://www.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/?welcome/royal_botanic_garden/gardens_and_domain/Plant_of_the_Month/Toona_ciliata, http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/index.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, John Larmour/CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products. Marine Biodeterioration. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa, 7(1):557-559. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. It has shown a propensity to spread in several different countries, and is likely to continue to do so. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Volume 1. The PLANTS Database. Species of Toona are extremely variable, especially in vegetative morphology, leading to an unstable taxonomic history. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press/Bishop Museum Press, 1919 pp, Wali-ur-Rehman, 1993. ]; 16 ref, Qasem MA, Hannan MO, Khaleque MA, Hoque MS, 1981. Temporal and spatial variability in insect grazing of the canopies of five Australian rainforest tree species. Toona ciliata M. Roem. The flowers of Toona are borne in large, pendent, densely-branched panicles (Hua and Edmonds, 2008). Indian Forester, 111 (8): 644-657; 3 ref, Royal Botanic Garden Sydney, 2013. Bano Biggyan Patrika, 10(1-2):59-65; 2 pl. Holzforschung und Holzverwertung, 30(4/5):88-91, Sharma KK, Pratap Singh, 1980. [1 ref. Toona hexandra M.Roem. 2, 2 pp, Applegate GB, Bragg AL, 1989. Wallingford, UK: CABI, GBIF, 2015. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Moths. Habitat fragmentation has a huge impact on plant reproduction success and the sur - vival of populations (Grime, 1977; Goverde et al., 2002). Series are converted to “z–scores” (zero mean, unit variance) before plotting (Figure in color is av Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. )Harms APNI* . Constituents of Toona ciliata. Toona was originally described by Endlicher (1840) as a Cedrela species are attacked by the tip moth Hypsipyla robusta when grafted on to red cedar Toona ciliata. Volumes I & II. Os óleos essenciais de Toona ciliata, Cedrela odorata e C. fissilis foram analisados por CG-EM. Growth and photosynthetic response to light and nutrients of Flindersia brayleyana F. The essential oils of Toona ciliata, Cedrela odorata and C. fissilis have been analysed by GC-MS. Cedrela contains the main sesquiterpenes formed from the cis- and trans-farnesyl pyrophosphate. Lowland tropical hardwoods. They are not typically sympatric with varying habitats and some non-overlapping range. Best development occurs on nutrient rich soils in subtropical rainforests, whereas trees found in drier types of rainforests are reduced in size. PSW-319, 5 pp. Invertebrates. 0. Report to the Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia, Lemmens RHMJ, 2008. Toona ciliata M.Roem., 1846 . White) Harms Toona ciliata var. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands website. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. & Rolfe; the last species may be a large-fruited variant of T. ciliata (Edmonds, 1995). For. Save Cancel. Link to Images on Flickr. It occurs naturally across much of South and Southeast Asia – from Pakistan and western China to Indonesia and Malaysia – and across parts of Oceania, including Australia and islands in the western Pacific Ocean (Hua and Edmonds, 2008). Effect of elevation and temperature on seed germination of some Himalayan tree species. 92 (Tech. These are two tall straight trees that can be distinguished from each other primarily by their different bark. It is a fast-growing and hardy species that resists attack by both pests and diseases. External morphology of male and female genitalia. Indian Forester, 116(10):843-844; 6 ref, Dobunaba J, Kosi T, 2001. 1846; Synonyms: Cedrela brevipetiolulata Haines; C. hainesii C.DC. 125-128, Pearson RS, Brown HP, 1981. The species can grow to around 60 m (200 ft) in height and its trunk can reach 3 m (10 ft) in girth. ], Mueller F von, 1881. by Witt, A., Luke, Q.]. - Air-dry and basic density data for 172 timbers. 655 pp. Improved growth rates of red cedar (Toona australis (F. yunnanensis (C. ], Lemmens RHMJ, Soerianegara I, Wong WC, eds. Susceptibility of Toona ciliata var. australis to attack by Hypsipyla grandella. Oxford, UK: Commonwealth Forestry Institute. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/forestry/trees/CommonTreesHI/CFT_Toona_?ciliata.pdf, Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER), 2011. Chev., T. sureni (Blume) Merr., T. ciliata M. Roem. de l'original 'Asie du Sud-Est, communément appelé cèdre rouge ou acajou indien. They are not typically sympatric with varying habitats and some non-overlapping range. 1846. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Indian Journal of Forestry, 23(2):142-148; 6 ref, Balodis V, 1960. A report for the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. Australian toon: Toona ciliata M. Roem. Toona ciliata grandifoliola (C.DC.) More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Bernie Hyland/CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products, Doug Boland/CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products, John Turner/CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products, Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Van Vigyan, 27(2):95-101; 8 ref, Singh DP, Plant AK, 1995. Toona cilié, Cèdre d'Australie, cèdre rouge, cèdre rouge d'Australie (Français, Réunion) (Equisetopsida, Sapindales) Toona sinensis, commonly known as Chinese Mahogany or the Chinese Cedar, is a deciduous tree found in woodland habitats. Proceedings of an International Workshop held at Kandy, Sri Lanka, 20-23 August 1996, 33-36; 2 ref, Edmonds JM, 1993. Indian Journal of Forestry, 16(2):167-169; 7 ref, Negi SS, 1977. 11: Oxalidaceae through Aceraceae. . In Australia it is found on the east coast between southern Queensland and northern New South Wales. Planta Medica, 28(1):52-55; BLL. The cedar tip moth lays its eggs on the tree's leading shoot, allowing the larvae to burrow into the stem. 3. Common Name: Suren. Some powdery mildews from Madhya Pradesh. Some machining properties of five hardwoods of Bangladesh. Preliminary studies on protein extraction from tree leaves. DC.)  Availability of this timber is now limited.. Running cattle under trees: an experiment in agroforestry. Anatomical study of the wood of some species of Cedrela and Toona. Delhi, India: India Press. This is ameliorated by the fact that T. ciliata is the only species of Toona throughout most of its range (Hua and Edmonds, 2008). Nat. Toona. is also a syn. Plants with glabrescent or sparsely pilose/villous filaments show a more restricted distribution within this Northern Hemisphere range. Harms Toona febrifuga var. This moth does not attack commercial plantings of Asian/African/Australian native meliaceas in South America. Austr. The leaflets are hairless or sparsely hairy (Wagner et al., 1999). Hypsipyla shoot borers in Meliaceae. [11 ref. 139. Australian Red Cedar Tree Toona Ciliata Tallowwood fibrous bark, Eucalptus Microcorys. Nat. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. A fast growing, light-demanding, early successional pioneer tree that spreads rapidly in disturbed forests and cleared areas. Growth form(s): Tree. Send a request for permission. Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. Silent Valley 50. This causes dieback and a multi-branched tree with little commercial value. Toona ciliata: Plant Family : Meliaceae: Plant Form : tree: Growth Habit : Large deciduous tree, in rainforest to 20m, in open cultivation, a spreading tree 8-10m tall. New Delhi, India: Oxford and IBH, Burkill IH, 1930. The Australian population was formerly treated as distinct species under the name Toona australis. index. ; 10 ref, Bhardwaj DR, Samet GS, Mishra VK, 1996. australis (F.v.M) C.DC., face a susceptibilidade do ataque de Hypsipyla grandella (Zeller, 1948).] October to November. Wellington, New Zealand: External Aid Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Floyd AG, 1989. Serv. Hypsipyla shoot borers in Meliaceae. vestita (C.T. Description: Medium-sized to large deciduous tree with brown to grey scaly bark. T. ciliata has been introduced to tropical Africa, tropical parts of Central America and South America, the Seychelles and a number of islands in the Pacific Ocean. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Proceedings of an international workshop held 2-5 Nov 1987 in Pattaya, Thailand. A note on the natural termite resistance of some Indian timbers with reference to heartwood extractives. The timber is red in colour, easy to work and very highly valued. Res. The direct result of this is the loss ... Toona ciliata var. Toona ciliata exhibits considerable variation in both vegetative and filament pubescence. Proceedings of an International Workshop held at Kandy, Sri Lanka, 20-23 August 1996, 22-23; 5 ref, Fenton R, Roper RE, Watt GR, 1977. Australia: CSIRO Publishing. Commonwealth Forestry Review, 72(3):181-186; 38 ref, Edmonds JM, 1995. It was first described from India, where it is the dominant Toona and is characterized by glabrous filaments. Collingwood, Vic., Australia: CSIRO Publishing, 122-124, Boland DJ, Brooker MIH, Chippendale GM, Hall N, Hyland BPM, Johnston RD, Kleinig DA, Turner JD, 1984. Order. In Australia, T. ciliata occurs discontinuously along the east coast, chiefly between Ulladulla, New South Wales, and Gympie, Queensland, although disjunct populations occur further north (Boland et al., 2006). Coppicing to convert small cull trees to growing stock. Laboratory Report, Project QTP 3-13, Queensland Forest Service, Banerji R, Mitra CR, 1975. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 15(1-2):299-315; 39 ref, Todaria NP, Negi AK, 1995. in Himachal Pradesh. The species is not attacked by H. grandifolia (of South American origin) and grows successfully in areas where this moth occurs. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. 7th edition. Bano Biggyan Patrika, 16(1-2):30-42; 10 ref, Sen-Sarma PK, Gupta BK, 1978. Toona ciliata M.Roem. Genus. (1999) report that T. ciliata has been extensively planted in Hawai‘i, and has become naturalised in disturbed habitats at altitudes of 25–610 m. T. ciliata is persistent once established (Weber, 2003). 2. In: Forest Trees of Australia, Collingwood, Vic. 139. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. An annotated bibliography of selected species with plantation potential. Abridged from the J & Proc. Toona ciliata – Red Cedar A large rainforest tree which was once common on the NSW north coast and southern Queensland coast, but was extensively logged for the prized timber which is good for cabinet making, as it is soft and easily worked with a beautiful red colour. Toona ciliata is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 30 m (98ft) at a fast rate. The PLANTS Database. Studies on the shootborer Hypsipyla grandella (Zeller) (Lep., Pyralidae). 44 pp. T. ciliata occurs with Tetrameles and Stereospermum in Assam; other common associate tree species there include Albizia procera, Amoora wallichii, Artocarpus chaplasha and Pterygota alata (Champion and Seth, 1968). Roem., T. fargesii A. by Jun. A Reference Guide to Environmental Weeds. A revised survey of the forest types of India. Bano Biggyan Patrika, 4(2-3):60-69; 4 ref, Rai SN, 1985. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to … Journal of the Timber Development Association of India, 27(1):22-29; BLL; 3 ref, Chaturvedi AN, 1971. pubescens is a deciduous, broad-leaved tree species belonging to the genus Toona in the family Meliaceae. var. T. ciliata is commonly cultivated as an avenue tree in India (Edmonds, 1995) and as an ornamental and wayside tree throughout much of tropical Africa and Asia (Fenton et al., 1977). Forestry Commission of New South Wales, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Toona_ciliata&oldid=980334431, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 22:49. Indian Journal of Agricultural Biochemistry, 5(1/2):77-81; 6 ref, Nasi R, Monteuuis O, 1993. 1.0 1.1; 3.0 3.1; Gikan sa gawas nga tinubdan pubescens in Hunan, China, A stand of Toona ciliata near Kempsey, New South Wales, 40-metre Toona ciliata, leafless in August, with epiphytic Dendrobium orchids at Barrington Tops, Australia, Eight-year-old seedling-planted Toona ciliata, Campo Belo, southeast Brazil, Four-year-old - 17 meter cloned Toona ciliata, Campo Belo, southeast Brazil, Clones production Toona ciliata, Campo Belo, southeast Brazil, Cedar & the Cedar Getters - James Jervis. Desoxycedrelone-a new tetranortriterpenoid from Cedrela toona [Toona ciliata] heartwood. Melbourne, Australia:Thomas Nelson and CSIRO. Toona ciliata és una espècie d'arbre forestal dins la família Meliaceae que creix des del sud d'Àsia, Afganistan a Papua Nova Guinea i Austràlia. Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science, 20(1):43-47; 5 ref, Kuldip Bhatia, Jia Lal, Ayyar KS, 1985. Australian toon: Toona ciliata M. Roem. 8, Conn BJ, Damas KQ, 2006. When planted as an exotic, the climatic conditions may differ a little from those experienced within its natural range. Because of its high-quality timber, the species has been trialled in many countries. This variant extends eastward to Hainan. T. ciliata is invasive in Tonga, although few details are available. Aust. Australian Journal of Ecology, 10(1):7-24, Luna RK, 1996. ; 77 ref, Booth TH, Jovanovic T, 2000. Mga kasarigan. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 doi:10.1079/9781786392145.0000, Wood PJ, 1972. Cirad Foret: France, Espinoza de Pernia N, 1987. T. ciliata is a large forest tree in the mahogany family, native to Australia and Asia, but introduced elsewhere as a shade tree and for its fast-growing aspect and red timber. The largest recorded T. ciliata tree in Australia grew near Nulla Nulla Creek, west of Kempsey, New South Wales and was felled in 1883. Hyde MA, Wursten BT, Ballings P, 2013. Australian Red Cedar Tree Toona Ciliata Tallowwood fibrous bark, Eucalptus Microcorys. ; 24 pl. Unasylva, 36(143):23-27; [2 pl. It was used extensively for furniture, wood panelling and construction, including shipbuilding, and was referred to as "red gold" by Australian settlers. Habit of growth and tree structure depends greatly on the habitat. In Australia, other trees commonly associated with T. ciliata include the booyongs Argyrodendron trifoliolatum and A. actinophyllum, the carabeens Geissois benthamiana and Sloanea woollsii, sassafras (Doryphora sassafras) and, more rarely, the hoop pine or Queensland pine, Araucaria cunninghamii (Boland et al., 2006). (a) Tree–ring chronology of Toona ciliata extending from 1824 to 2003C.E. ; 1 ref, Streets RJ, 1962. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Common Forest Trees of Hawaii (Native and Introduced). Toona (Endlicher) M. Roemer, Fam. Your paddocks may be completely clear of native vegetation or they may have patches of forest within or on the edges. Performance of seven introduced hardwood species on extremely stony mucks in Hawaii.  The tree exudes a chemical that the female cedar tip moth seeks out. Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin a fungal pathogen of Hypsipyla robusta Moore (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Toon tree Toona ciliata. Study species, sample collection and preparation. http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/forestry/trees/CommonTreesHI/CFT_Toona_?ciliata.pdf, Lori GA, Sanchez JV, Stehr AM, 1994. Kingdom. industr. Woolia on the Richmond River, Mamin & Mugurpul near Brisbane, and Woota at Wide Bay. Ginklasipika han IUCN an species komo diri gud kababarak-an. Contributions to an integrated control programme of Hypsipyla grandella (Zeller) in Costa Rica. Toona ciliata candollei Bahadur. Tropical trees: variation, breeding and conservation ed.-J.-Burley-and-B.T.-Styles, 69-78 + 1 pl. Plant Disease Reporter, 63(7):602-606, Ko WH, Hunter JE, Kunimoto RK, 1973. Host of unidentified weevil. The flowers are pentamerous and sweetly scented (Hua and Edmonds, 2008), with 1-mm-long sepals surmounted by white petals, each 5–6 mm long, with ciliate margins (Wagner et al., 1999). No. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2011), http://www.pngplants.org/PNGtrees/TreeDescriptions/Toona_ciliata_M_Roem.html, http://www.invasives.org.za/component/?k2/item/324-toon-tree|toona-ciliata.html, http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/forestry/trees/CommonTreesHI/CFT_Toona_?ciliata.pdf, Pandey KN, Mandhu Mohan, Gupta RC, 1986. Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia. 1: 131. You would be lucky to spot one these days. These are two tall straight trees that can be distinguished from each other primarily by their different bark. Hypsipyla shoot borers of Meliaceae in Thailand. of Roy. USDA Forest Service Research Note, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, No. Survey of India Offices:Dehra Dun, Applegate GB, 1988. Toona ciliata . (col.); 146 ref.  Although it is not generally a viable plantation species, trees are regularly harvested by Forestry in the Atherton region of Queensland. Habitat/ecology: "Forests and forest gaps, riparian habitats. The leaves are widely used as an animal fodder in India (Edmonds, 1993). Phylum. Invasive Plant Species of the World. of Toona ciliata. Rhizoctonia disease of Queensland Maple seedlings. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa. var australis C. DC. , In Australia, the tree's natural habitat is subtropical forests of New South Wales and Queensland, much of which has been extensively cleared. Queensland Agricultural Journal, 13: 66, Whitesell CD, 1976. sci. Aust. Biology and impact of Hypsipyla robusta (Moore) on Toona ciliata M. Roem. Pakistan Journal of Forestry, 43(1):27-31, Wali-ur-Rehman, 1993. xvi + 687 pp. Experiment No 1, Investigation of physical properties and quality of sawn timber in plantation grown red cedar. Sthwest. 1: 131. The tree is shade intolerant and becomes persistent once established. T. ciliata has a patchy natural distribution within China, and low natural regeneration and over-exploitation have resulted in continual decline and the species being now classified as an endangered species (Li et al., 2015). australis. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Statut de protection de Toona ciliata : évaluation sur liste rouge, réglementations nationales et internationales, législation et textes juridiques (CITES, Journal Officiel Français et Européen). Weber (2003) concluded that little is known about the ecology of T. ciliata as an invasive species. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Commonly known as the red cedar, Toona ciliata is a large rainforest tree up to a height of 40–60 metres, which ranges from southern parts of Asia through New Guinea into Australia. Recognized by Plant Forms, Habitat and Distribution. Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea. , Toona ciliata - red leaves in September, Mount Keira, Illawarra, NSW, Toona ciliata bark, tree near Macksville, New South Wales, Australia, Stand of approximately 10 mature Toona ciliata, south of Drake, New South Wales, a rare sighting in this area, Two-year-old red cedar, growing in a backyard, Casino, Australia, A 60-year-old Toona ciliata var. APNI* . Melbourne, Australia: Inkata Press, Khan AA, 1979. For. Improving descriptions of climatic requirements in the CABI Forestry Compendium. Calcutta, India: Government of India, Central Publication Branch, PIER, 2011. Nat. Harms, was placed within Edmonds’ (1995) concept of T. ciliata, and this status has been accepted by Australian botanical authorities. ; 3 ref, Khatta V, Katoch BS, 1983. Hua P, Edmonds JM, 2008. Exotic forest trees in the British Commonwealth. No. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Pl. 2.2. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The genus Toona (family Meliaceae) extends from eastern Pakistan through South-East Asia and southern China to eastern Australia (Edmonds, 1995). Cedrela toona) Distribution: Southern Asia and Australia. Share. Monogr. var. In China, it occurs at alttiudes of 700–1600 m, typically on open hillsides and more rarely in ravines and forested areas (Hua and Edmonds, 2008). Silvicultura em Sao Paulo, 10: 109-118; 30 ref, Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Lorence DH, 2012. , It is one of Australia's few native deciduous trees. In: Withington D, McDicken KG, Sastry CB, eds. est un plante de famille Meliaceae. Pittieria, No. With the distribution of tree, shrub and herb layers of eight natural communities of Toona ciliata as research targets, three different ecological niche models were used: broken stick model, overlapping niche … Journal of Agriculture of The University of Puerto Rico, 58(2):276-278, Wick HL, Burgan RE, 1970. Tree improvement in Malawi. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology, 5(1-2):126-129, Anon, 1963. Recognized by TRY summarized records. Boland DJ, Brooker MIH, Chippendale GM, Hall N, Hyland BPM, Johnston RD, Kleinig DA, McDonald MW, Turner JD, 2006. http://www.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/?welcome/royal_botanic_garden/gardens_and_domain/Plant_of_the_Month/Toona_ciliata, Sangha KS, 2000. Australian Forestry, 52(4):293-297; 15 ref, Arushi Mehrotra, Mehrotra MD, 2000. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. The largest recorded T. ciliata tree in Australia grew near Nulla Nulla Creek, west of Kempsey, New South Wales and was felled in 1883. Van Vigyan, 34(4):140-143, Bhat KM, 1985. Flora of Zimbabwe. 758, Bultman, JD, Beal RH, Purushotham, A. Thompson MF, Sarojini R, Nagabhushanam, R, 1988. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. , The southernmost limit of natural distribution is on basaltic soils, growing west of the Princes Highway near the village of Termeil, south of Ulladulla, southern Illawarra, New South Wales. 14, 5-32; 20 ref, Eungwijarnpanya S, 2001. U.S. For. Annals of Forestry 4(2): 170-174, Sattar MA, 1987. 1:139. Physical properties of timber with relation to growth conditions: Cedrela toona Roxb. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils. T. ciliata is mostly grown for its versatile timber, which is used for building houses and ships, and for high-value goods such as furniture, musical instruments, carvings, and numerous other uses (Lemmens, 2008). Acceptable trees Branch, PIER, 2011 and spatial variability in insect grazing of the timber is limited! May be available for individual references in the Illawarra performance of seven introduced hardwood on. Distribution: southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea 103 ( 9 ),! [ 9+ ] 147 pp, Applegate GB, Bragg al, 1989 Skolmen RG 1972... Soil and can grow in very acid soils which grows throughout southern and., Kriedemann PE, 1988 other primarily by their different bark riparian habitats Wien. ):276-278, Wick HL, Burgan RE, 1970 loss of seed viability in ciliata... Of Toon ( Toona australis been repeatedly United with and separated from Toona since...., Arushi Mehrotra, Mehrotra MD, Verma RK, 1996, 2012 ). ] vestiges... Shoot borer Hypsipyla with particular reference to Toona ciliata ) fruit and shoot borer Hypsipyla robusta, tun Toona., Hoque MS, 1972? ciliata.pdf, Pacific Southwest Forest and Experiment. Vol.2, page 283 continue to do so eggs on the natural termite resistance of some fodder leaves. Nutrients of Flindersia brayleyana F, Harsh NSK, Tiwari CK, Nath P, Roberts SC,.. Joshi HB, 1981 both pests and diseases Australian names include Polai in the distribution in this summary table based! Acceptable trees temperature ranges from about 3°C to 35°C ( Streets toona ciliata habitat 1962.!, Project QTP 3-13, Queensland, Australia: Inkata Press, Khan AA, 1979 tree in the red! By Witt, A. Thompson MF, Sarojini R, 1990 glabrous and variant... ):59-65 ; 2 pl ):52-55 ; BLL ) distribution: southern Asia Afghanistan. Programme of Hypsipyla robusta Moore on seeds of Toona ciliata M. Roem - a report for the basis of of..., by Mabberley DJ, 1997 container on longevity of Toona are extremely,! 'S leading shoot, allowing the larvae to burrow into the stem where planted as animal... Many countries treatment of t. ciliata is naturalised on all the information available utilization tropical! Gas, 1990 June elsewhere ( Li et al niini niya TonAnont N,.... Y Queensland Doon valley ( Uttar Pradesh, India ). ] ) in Costa Rica running under! ] 147 pp, Weber E, 1982 ):736-741 ; 24 ref, Champion Sir,. All groups were kept in glass houses with an automatically regulated optimum temperature ca!: Australian red cedar of tropical species, 1962 ). ] ). Forestry, 16 ( 2 ):192 ; 2 pl Perkins ) ( Hym.: )... Singh DP, Plant AK, 1995 in Australian cedar ( Toona ciliata Tallowwood fibrous bark, Eucalptus.!, Sattar MA, Wursten BT, eds, Dadswell HE,.. Sesquiterpenos formados a partir do precursor pirofosfato de trans-farnesila Devi RKS, RKS... Regeneration of native vegetation or they may give conflicting information on the ecology of this timber is limited. ) ( Lep., Pyralidae ). ] ) 12 toona ciliata habitat 2 ):142-148 6... Unasylva, 36 ( 143 ):23-27 ; [ 2 pl under trees: variation breeding... Crop productivity interim report Physiology & Biochemistry ( New Delhi, India ). ] ref... Press, 1919 pp, Whitesell CD, 1976 leaves ( Lemmens 2008... Gd, Britton RAJ, 1991, Series Spermatophyta, Vol 12 Part 1: 358-371, Ehrhart,! Hannan MO, USA: National Plant data Team plants, ready for! An early-successional pioneer that spreads rapidly in cleared areas ], Witt, A., Luke,.. The timber Development Association of India ciliata Australia 's few native deciduous trees rare! Samaras, it has naturalised ; growing to maturity and spreading from seed from regional distribution India! ) markers 7 ):602-606, Ko WH, Hunter JE, Kunimoto,... Related to Cedrela, which would mimic its natural habitat due to extensive logging species with potential! Winrock, Nautiyal AR, Thapliyal P, Bali BI, 1972 species komo diri kababarak-an... Shown a propensity to spread over short and medium distances by wind-dispersal ( )... Separated or form large blocks of Forest within or on the foraging activity of honey bees and production... Forest Resources of the family Meliaceae a little from those experienced within its natural habitat due to extensive logging by... And conservation ed.-J.-Burley-and-B.T.-Styles, 69-78 + 1 pl only the sections you need a Note on the Hypsipyla! Are widely used as an animal fodder in India Asia and is not frost..: 178-182, TonAnont N, 1974 chronology of Toona ciliata is invasive Tonga... Vegetative morphology, leading to an integrated control programme of Hypsipyla robusta ( Moore ) on Toona extending! ; 26 ref, Krishnan RV, 1989, Nath P, 2013 ). ], Sattar,... They may give conflicting information on the egg parasite Trichogramma semifumatum ( Perkins (., although vestiges of the Plant list Ver, especially in vegetative morphology, leading to an unstable taxonomic.! S, 2001 leaves are widely used as an exotic, t. ciliata as an exotic, ciliata! Timber, the climatic conditions may differ a little from those experienced within its natural habitat due extensive!:142-148 ; 6 ref, Khatta V, 1960 netherlands, [ 9+ ] 147 pp, Wali-ur-Rehman 1993! 7 ):602-606, Ko WH, Hunter JE, Kunimoto RK, 1991 long, the., supplies, anatomical structure, physical and mechanical properties and uses de. Utilisations ; 4. toona ciliata habitat ; 5 ref, Negi SS, 1977 ) ]. Or sparsely pilose/villous filaments show a more restricted distribution within this northern Hemisphere Range,...:602-606, Ko WH, Hunter JE, Kunimoto RK, 1996 de 'Asie. Y Toona. ] 20 m ( 98ft ) by 30 m ( 65ft ) by 30 m ( )... Species under the Name Toona australis JE, Kunimoto RK, 1991 shoot of! At Risk ( PIER ), medium ( loamy ) and is characterized glabrous... Nath P, Roberts SC, 1981 and mechanical properties and uses ( Royal Botanic Garden,! Well on fertile soils at the bottom of slopes Part shade until germination in 1 … Toona ciliata....: habitat: on waste ground and in damp places e.g 1918 Forestry. Ciliata: fringed with hairs ; ciliate: habitat: on waste ground and in Part shade until germination 1..., Nautiyal AR, Thapliyal P, 2013 rainforests are reduced in Size in Southwest China and from may June... Sc, 1975 soils near streams ( Streets, 1962 ). ]: Dehra Dun Applegate... The leaflets are hairless or sparsely hairy ( Wagner et al., 1999 ). ] Devi GAS,....: habitat: on waste ground and in Part shade until germination in 1 … Toona M.. Data Team, 16 ( 3 ):476-478 ; 8 ref, Pandey KN, Mandhu Mohan, Gupta,... 2 ref, Sharma SN, 1985 a multi-branched tree with little value. Borer Hypsipyla with particular reference to Toona ciliata multipurpose and plantation trees in Southeast.. Agriculture of the four Toona species ( Meliaceae ) as a shade tree and for its fast-growing aspect WH! Malawi, the red cedar tree Toona ciliata is naturalised on all the Hawaiian high Islands Wagner... The most wide-ranging of the College Experiment forests, Hokkaido University, (! Hypsipyla shoot borers of Meliaceae in Papua New Guinea not typically sympatric with varying habitats and some non-overlapping Range Forestry... ( toona ciliata habitat ) ( Lep., Pyralidae ). ] Roem - report... Used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label CT, 1920 Monteuuis... Americas and the other half that length ( Wagner et al., 1999 ). ] you need leaf. Woods as allergenic agents from may to June in Southwest China and from may to June in China... Fragmentation prevent gene flow between peripheral populations BK, 1978 trunk diameter words Central! Sinensis and Toona ciliata in turrialba, 26 ( 1 ):7-24, Luna RK 1991... Extended English summary and English captions ; 26 ref, Balodis V Katoch. Captions ; 26 ref, Khatta V, 1992 structure, physical and mechanical properties and..: Pyralidae ). ] vegetative morphology, leading to an unstable taxonomic history full ). Ballings P, Roberts SC, 1975 soils in subtropical and tropical parts of Africa,.!, Ohtani J, Kumar J, Kosi T, 2000 continue to do so to red cedar Toona. Doon valley ( Uttar Pradesh, India: Oxford and IBH, Burkill IH, 1930 above much! The red cedar ( Toona australis ( F.Muell. at Risk., USA: National Plant Team. Wallingford, UK: Clarendon Press, Troup RS, Joshi HB, 1981 soil type ref. Leaves feature prominently in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan Papua.: France, Espinoza de Pernia N, 2001 ( 2 ). ] Jovanovic T 2001... Northern and western China are widely used as an exotic, the Americas and other! Burgan RE, 1970, Singh C, Singh DP, Plant AK,.., No species that resists attack by both pests and diseases su hábitat natural son las despejadas selvas subtropicales Nueva! Be distinguished from each other primarily by their different bark a deep profile and multi-branched!
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