If fact, it is rich in its contributions to the environment. Although technically a shrub, it can grow to a tree size. Staghorn Sumac is often planted as an ornamental due to the lovely fruit clusters and beautiful autumn foliage. The bark is smooth and silvery, interrupted by rough black nodes. From what I have seen, Smooth Sumac is the most common species found in the wild in the Southeastern part of the state. Staghorn sumac has alternate, compound leaves, 40 to 60 cm (16 to 24") long. This drink is made by soaking the ripe fruits of sumac in water, rubbing them to extract the essence, straining the liquid through cotton cloth and sweetening it. a large open shrub or weedy tree; flat-topped crown ; colonizes and suckers; 15' to 25' tall; spread si difficult to determine because it colonizes; coarse texture; fast growth rate; Summer Foliage. Feed sumac fruit to: sumac (Rhus spp.) Messages: 2 Likes Received: 0 Location: Redmond, WA USA. Place sumac heads in a large preserving pot, cover the fruit with cold water and pound it (Jigs uses a heavy wooden mallet) for about 10 minutes until an extraction of juice is apparent. These studies were done on animals. I Found this Bark on a downed Sumac on my property. It seems to be more tolerant of heavier soils than the other two species. The ripe fruit can be used in baking but the tiny black seeds are very hard and can be problematic for the teeth if chewed on. Fern-like leaves turn attractive shades of orange, yellow and red in autumn. It has alternate, compound leaves, 16 to 24 inches long. Some of North-American Indian tribes used dried berries, leaves or bark powder from Staghorn Sumac in mix with tobacco, for smoking during peace pipe ceremonies. The leaves and fruit were boiled down to make ink and dried leaves were used for smoking. Individual panicles of flowers can get to about up to 30 cm (1') long and 15 cm (1/2') across. What most commonly grows across North America is a close cousin in the sumac family, rhus typhina or more commonly called Staghorn Sumac. Sumac (Rhus Typhina - Staghorn Sumac) (NOT poisonous) is more like a sapling and doesn’t get much bigger than 5” diameter. It has large shiny dark-green pinnate leaves, each with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a fern-like pattern. The tangy, acidic taste gave the tree its other common name: the vinegar tree. Staghorn sumac has alternate, pinnately compound leaves, 1’-2’ long, with serrated edges. Discussion in 'Outdoor Gardening in the Pacific Northwest' started by Lois Franz, Aug 4, 2011. Mature bark dark gray or gray-brown, with horizontal strips (lenticels.) However, the big difference is that the poison sumac has clusters of grayish white berries that hang down, and it tends to grow exclusively in low, wet, or flooded areas such as swamps. It is native to eastern North America and is primarily found in southeastern Canada. Trunk can reach many feet in diameter. Tree of Heaven is a favored host of Spotted Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula. All it needs is an abandoned field, highway median or roadside ditch and it’s happy as can be. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Like anything you have never had before, make sure you have very little at first to make sure you aren't allergic. It is crafted from 1" pine boards stained a dark color and lightly coated with a spray Satin Polyurethane. Family: Anacardiaceae. Staghorn sumac gets its name from its thick, velvety upper branches, which resemble the antlers of young male deer. As I began to search around, I found a few good sources that had successfully used Staghorn Sumac in place of European Sumac as a spice and I knew I had to try it. The fruiting head is a compact cluster of round, red, hairy fruits called drupes. It grows to about 25 feet tall and has an irregular, open crown with a flat top. Staghorn Sumac, Smooth Sumac, and Shining Sumac are all native to Wisconsin. A few studies show it lowers total cholesterol. Its fruits contain high doses of vitamin C and tannin compounds. Sumac berries, bark, root and leaves have many uses in traditional medicine. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). List of key staghorn tree facts. Only shrubs that are 3 to 4 years old can produce the fruit. Sumac serves primarily as a winter emergency food for wildlife. Staghorn has been studied for its medicinal benefits. The bark provides winter food for cottontail rabbits; the red fruit is a source of emergency winter food for birds, including wild turkey. It is very similar to the more desireable staghorn sumac, but it has smooth rather than velvety bark. On one hand, it’s a spreader/colonizer that requires de-suckering. It doesn't matter which one - the Staghorn or Smooth Sumac, as they are the same from an eating perspective. Leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. Tiger Eyes® Cutleaf Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina ‘Bailtiger’) is among the group of plants that elicit a strong reaction from gardeners; they either love it or they hate it.There is no middle ground. It is most noticeable in late summer and autumn when its green leaves turn brilliant red accented in orange and yellow. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – June to August. The rubbing of an antler leaves ragged bits of bark at both the top and bottom of the rub. Please click here for more information. Staghorn sumac grows in an open form that can grow up to 7 metres (25') tall and can be as equally wide. However, on close inspections of stems, buds, fruit pods and trunk, you can tell the difference. I Found this Bark on a downed Sumac on my property. The staghorn sumac is shade intolerant so is most often found along the edges of forests, in forest openings, encroaching on grasslands and fields, and along roadsides. It’s large, red, fuzzy seed structures may be 10” long. The stems are yellow-brown and fuzzy and resemble the velvet covering developing deer antlers. Other common regional names include red sumac, scarlet sumac, common sumac, and western sumac. Staghorn sumac (R. typhina) is not native to Missouri, but it occurs in introduced populations in Greene County, in the St. Louis region, and possibly elsewhere. Branches display U-shaped leaf scars in winter. In addition, staghorn lowers ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol and fats in the blood. Staghorn sumac. Staghorn Sumac has a very high wildlife value. It can grow in slightly acid soil but will not do as well as those in fertile areas. The large clustered seed pods attract a variety of wildlife into the winter months. Sumac (Rhus Typhina - Staghorn Sumac) (NOT poisonous) is more like a sapling and doesn’t get much bigger than 5” diameter. Select Post; Deselect Post; Link to Post; Member. Flower: Species is usually dioecious; small, with yellow-green petals, borne on upright, dense terminal cluster up to 8 inches long, appearing in mid-summer. Each drupe measures about 5mm (1/4”) in diameter and contains one seed. The bark of black walnut (Juglans nigra) is very different than its look-alikes, developing ridges and furrows even on small trees (Photo by Ryan Davis). The sap was also used as a treatment for warts. The Natchez used the root of fragrant sumac to treat boils. When a deer or moose strips bark off a tree to eat it, the de-barked area is torn only at one end — the deer grabs one end of the strip of bark and tears it off of the tree. Staghorn Sumac… Strain the juice through several layers of cheesecloth, then add sugar to taste, stirring well. Feed sumac fruit to: sumac (Rhus spp.) However, there’s little proof that these benefits apply to humans. Name – Rhus typhina Family – Anacardiaceae Type – shrub. It is primarily found in southeastern Canada, the northeastern and midwestern United States, and the Appalachian Mountains, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the temperate world. Staghorn Sumac Jul 12, 2020 16:05:36 GMT -6 via mobile . Medicinal - Some Rhus species are used as tea for internal disorders, mouthwash, and constipation. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. Staghorn sumac grows up to 15’ tall. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) Other Names: Sumac Range: Family: Anacardiaceae - The Cashew or Sumac Family Growth Type: A deciduous perennial shrub or small tree Height: Growing to approximately 16 ft tall and 20 ft wide Leaves: It has alternate, pinnately compound leaves 10 – 22 in long. Caution: The milky sap of Rhus spp. Poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) has leaves somewhat similar to staghorn sumac. Staghorn sumac’s shortcomings include fragile bark susceptible to lawn-mower or string-trimmer damage. One of the easiest deciduous shrubs to identify throughout the year, especially mid to late summer, staghorn sumac is in the anacardiaceae (cashew) family. The fruit has a citrusy yet sour flavour that is best enjoyed as a beverage. Different parts of Rhus typhina plant are used to make different colors of dye, the berries itself can dye fabric red, brown or black, depends on how it was prepared and on what stage of growth it was harvested. Poison sumac has white berries that droop down, smooth-edged leaves, and smooth bark. Staghorn Sumac Anacardiaceae. Winged sumac has little flange-like things that run the length of the leaf stem between the leaflets– similar to what one sees in burning bush or wingstem. Bark on older wood is smooth and grey to brown. Hi sue, the best way to kill a tree is to remove a band of bark all the way around the trunk, width isn't drastically important but a couple of inches at least. Fortunately, poison sumac is also a fairly rare plant, and it only grows in very marshy or watery soils. Twigs and leafstalks hairy. I have a mature staghorn sumac in my yard. R. typhina may have medicinal value. The leaflets are dark green and smooth above, and pale beneath, except along the midrib. White-tail deer like the fruit and stems. They are spectacular in the fall… sumac is some of the best autumn foliage around, turning brilliant shades of red, orange, and yellow. Fruits are hairy, red, and arranged in a pyramidal structure. Staghorn sumac has alternate, compound leaves, 40 to 60 cm (16 to 24") long. native to Canada down through the United States; zone 4 ; Habit and Form. It is also known to be important only in the winter diets of ruffed grouse and the sharp-tailed grouse. Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. Ailanthus bark is smooth with light vertical striations (Photo by Ryan Davis). The Ojibwa took a decoction of fragrant sumac root to stop diarrhea. It generally prefers fertile, upland sites but tolerates a wide variety of conditions. It tends to form dense thickets which provide food and shelter for wildlife. Staghorn sumac bark is smooth, thin, dark gray, and the inner bark, which is slightly sweet to chew on, is light green. It is also known to be important only in the winter diets of ruffed grouse and the sharp-tailed grouse. As it ages it becomes slightly scaly. 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