The twigs are also covered with fuzzy hairs, particularly near the tips. Disease, pests, and problems. American chestnuts (Castanea dentata) once grew in vast forests across the eastern half of the country, but they were virtually wiped out by a disease called chestnut blight several decades ago. American Chestnut Burs: A dense mass of long, slender spines Spines are 2 to 3 cm long, 0.5 mm thick Up to 3 nuts per bur. Planting pollinator plants. Although Chinese chestnut trees become drought tolerant as their root systems establish, you should provide ample water if you want the tree to grow well and produce nuts. These Fall Draw Chinese Chestnuts have excellent resistance to blight. Many factors determine the suitability of a site for chestnut production. Caring for American Chestnut Trees. If the temperature drops below -10 then the European cultivars could suffer significant freezing damage, possibly even killing the chestnut trees. Because of the wide spacing, other crops including vegetables or small fruits … The leaves of American chestnuts are narrower and the nuts slightly smaller than Chinese chestnuts. It is hardy from zone 4, and resistant to heat and humidity. If the leaves do not usually have large, regular teeth, it is not pure American. Chestnuts bear on the outer growth each year, and so maximizing sunlight around the tree increases overall production. Spacing Tree Height Age to First Age to Full Yield per Tree Productive at Maturity ... ests and, by the mid 1950s, the American chestnut tree population had been virtually destroyed. Resistant to chestnut blight. The MSR/CMS and American germplasm re-serve orchard. The sharp, spiny husks surrounding the nuts can be hard to handle. Native geographic location and habitat. If you plant a Chinese chestnut tree, your neighbors will probably ask the inevitable question: “What are Chinese chestnuts?”. Planting usually involves 5-10 trees each of: American, Chinese, Japanese, European, and hy-brids chestnuts, as available. Chestnut trees should be planted in soil with good drainage. Chestnut trees should be planted in soil with good drainage. Chinese chestnut tree twigs have a grayish tint to them. Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area. Instead, pick a growing site with good air circulation. Space your chestnut trees 35’ to 40’ apart. If you've never tried Chinese chestnuts before, you are in for a treat! Prepare a large hole by breaking up the soil and adding plenty of well-rotted organic matter. Custom grafted trees may The American chestnut tree is a very large timber type tree with relatively small chestnuts. The tree produces delicious and edible nuts called chestnuts or Chinese chestnuts. The European cultivars can not take the cold as well. Rows: 32' 9" (10.00m) with 32' 9" (10.00m) row gap (minimum). American Chestnuts: Naturally an understory tree , Chinese chestnut has been cultivated in East Asia for millennia and its exact original range cannot be determined. The inner nut, with pale golden meat, is delicious. The Chinese chestnut grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. I have been growing from the same group of Chinese chestnuts for years. The more trees that you have in your food plot at the correct spacing, the more pollination your trees will receive. It has interesting scented flowers in late spring, burr-like fruits containing two or three large edible chestnuts, and beautiful golden-yellow fall leaves. Spacing is important when it comes to chestnut trees. If a tree has leaves or twigs with noticeable hair, it is not pure American. The trees grow best when American chestnut tree nuts are sown directly in the ground (with the flat side or sprout facing down, half an inch to an inch deep) as soon as the soil is workable. American Nut —— Chinese Nut . Spacing should be about 30 feet between trees and rows. Prefers acidic soil. Many gardeners growing Chinese chestnuts do so for the nutritious, low-fat nuts, but the tree itself is attractive enough to be an ornamental. Best in full sun. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! If you are interested in growing Chinese chestnuts, start with well-drained, loamy soil. Squirrels, rodents and birds will steal the nuts. Insects, birds, squirrels, even deer will have an effect on the transfer of pollen. Tree & Plant Care. The tree produces delicious and edible nuts called chestnuts or Chinese chestnuts. in diameter. American Bur ——–Chinese Bur. The Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) is easy to transplant and establishes itself quickly in your yard. Read on to learn how to grow Chinese chestnut trees. Mulch after planting, and encircle the trunk with a wire cage or protective pipe to protect the young tree from animal and insect pests. American chestnut trees are more upright, while the Chinese chestnut is wider and more spreading. Chinese chestnuts are self-sterile, so two or more different cultivars are required for good pollina-tion. Over the last 3-5 years I’ve been hearing a lot about chestnut trees for deer and how good of an attractant they are for deer. As with all trees grown for nut production, branching is encouraged at whatever height is sufficient to allow access for maintenance and harvest equipment. Never attempt to a grow Chinese chestnut tree in heavy clay soil or poorly drained soils, since this will promote the Phytophthora root rot that devastates the species. Chinese Chestnut Burs: A sparse mass of short, thick spines Spines are 1 to 2 cm long, 1 mm thick Up to 3 nuts per bur . They can also be ground into a healthy and delicious flour and used to make pancakes, muffins, or other breads. When the nuts are ripe, the burs fall from the trees and split open on the ground beneath. The area beneath sweet chestnuts makes a good summer sitting area. Now that I have removed the overhanging shading oaks I should start seeing some chestnut production. Prepare a large hole by breaking up the soil and adding plenty of well-rotted organic matter. In 2001, PA-TACF began a pro-gram that aims to increase the Chapter’s inclu- Opt for soil that is slightly acidic, with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. With all the rage, I have yet to find really good evidence that deer actually like chestnuts. Strawberry and Garlic. ences in chestnut species, and also offer a great visual representation of how breeding works. The Chinese Chestnut is a beautiful and ornamental large shade tree to plant in your lawn, or with other trees. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. 18 members have or want this plant for trade. A 30 x 30 spacing would allow for 48 trees/acre while 28 x 30 would be 51 trees/acre. Wet the roots thoroughly before planting. Pollination. Healthy sweet chestnut trees will bear for decades. Sign up for our newsletter. The European, Japanese and Chinese chestnut trees have a long history of being cultivated for nuts and the named selections are generally a size similar to a standard apple tree with large nuts that can be 10 nuts to the pound. For a large spread, chestnuts can be grown at 65ft (20m) apart. They can grow big, anywhere up to 100 feet high, but average 50-70 feet. Otherwise, the differences are slight. Planning and Early Care Chestnut trees need abundant sunlight (six or more hours of direct summer sun) and fertile, well-drained and slightly acidic soil. If the guidelines below still leave you uncertain about a particular tree, more study may be necessary to make the identification. For a large spread, chestnuts can be grown at 65ft (20m) apart. Native to China and Korea. TREE SPACING. Plant one of these varieties within 50' for best pollination. Requires at least 6 hours of full sun. These trees are tolerant to low pH as well as low fertility. It produces an abundant crop of sweet chestnuts every year without fail, as they bloom well after the chance of frost. Dunstan Chestnuts can get large, as much as 60’ tall and 40’ wide. You can use chestnuts in poultry stuffing, toss them into soups, or eat them in salads. These trees can reach up to 100 feet in height and so you need to be sure your garden has enough space to accommodate such a big plant. This handsome tree has dark green glossy foliage, thrives in many types of soil and grows 40-60 ft. at maturity. Probably not the best arrangement. Let's put an example into action - assume your orchard will be placed near the 45th parallel and the chestnut trees will be planted on 30 foot centers: Chinese chestnut trees may sound exotic, but the species is an emerging tree crop in North America. We recommend a 30’x30’ (54 trees per acre) or 40’x40’ (25 trees per acre) spacing for planting. This variety requires another one for adequate pollination. Chinese chestnut trees (Castanea mollissima) are medium tall trees with spreading branches. The leaves are glossy and dark green. Bark The bark of American chestnut trees will feel smooth to the touch and look reddish-brown to the eye. Heavy clay soils should be avoided. Highly resistant to chestnut blight, sets 75-100 pounds of nuts per season. A wide hole is better than a very deep one. You’ll need plenty of space as chestnuts get big trees – both high and wide. In Part IV of “Grow Your Own Chestnut Orchard”, John discusses different protection strategies for your young chestnut trees. Spacing should be about 30 feet between trees and rows. This equation assumes the trees will be planted in squares. Orchard Spacing There are a variety of spacing options for chestnuts depending on orchard objectives. in diameter. I have some of them in a clump of four (3 dunstans and an unknown chinese type) and the branches are intertwined. Square feet per acre (43560)/ tree spacing squared = trees needed at the selected spacing. Chestnuts grow on the trees inside spikey burs, each about an inch (2.5 cm.) Chinese Flowering Chestnut, Shiny Leaf Yellowhorn Xanthoceras sorbifolium. If trees are planted too close, mutual shading causes a reduction in yield. These are large, spreading trees that cast dense shade. Refer to Nut Tree Growing in Kentucky (ID-77) for recommended varieties. Read more articles about Chinese Chestnuts. tant to chestnut blight, and cultivars that produce the largest nuts such as Qing. Chinese Chestnut Tree Growth. Chestnuts grow on the trees inside spikey burs, each about an inch (2.5 cm.) A full answer includes both the tree of that name and the nut of that tree. 32' 9" (10.00m) with 32' 9" (10.00m) row gap (minimum). Nuts are large, meaty, crisp and sweet. When the nuts are cooked, remove the leathery shell and seed coat. Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) trees can take almost anything winter has to offer, even temperatures below -20 degrees. At maturity Chinese chestnuts will fully occupy the land at a spacing of 40 X 40 ft (or even wider), but it takes up to 20 years to reach full occupation at this spacing. Chestnut Trees for Deer. Fall Draw Chinese Chestnut is a fast growing tree reaching heights of 40’ to 60’. Chestnuts are an excellent source of healthy starch. Each bur holds at least one and sometimes as many as three shiny, brown nuts. A good, well-drained, relatively fertile soil is most desirable. When ripe nuts fall from the trees, remove the husks (wearing gloves) and dry. 14 more photos VIEW GALLERY. In winter, American chestnut trees may grow a slight fuzz of hair on the twigs and bugs, but the fuzziness is much more pronounced in Chinese chestnuts. PROTECT YOUR NUTS!! Soil types, drainage, texture, and the amount of organic matter in Michigan soils can vary markedly even within a small area. Spacing. At least two different Chinese chestnut trees are needed to ensure adequate pollination. Some varieties are not self-fertile, so more than one will need to be planted for successful pollination. Mulch after planting, and encircle the trunk with a wire cage or protective pipe to protect the young tree from animal and insect pests. Heavy clay soils should be avoided. Family: Sapindaceae (sap-in-DAY-see-ee) Genus: Xanthoceras (zan-tho-KER-as) Species: sorbifolium (sor-bee-FOH-lee-um) 2 vendors have this plant for sale. 3. A wide hole is better than a very deep one. The chestnut tree's flowers are long, drooping catkins that appear in the spring. In fact, there is even a commercial attractant based on chestnuts. If you live in a cold climate, don’t plant the tree in a frost pocket since this can damage the buds in springtime and reduce the crop. Dig a hole wide and deep enough to accommodate the root system. As tree branches begin to touch around year 15, the orchard should be thinned to every other tree to reduce shading Mulch after planting, and encircle the trunk with a wire cage or protective pipe to protect the young tree from animal and insect pests. Single Plants: 32' 9" (10.00m) each way (minimum) Chestnut trees are quite attractive trees, with red-brown or grey dark bark, and bright and dark green leaves. Most markets require large chestnuts. Chinese chestnut is a medium sized tree (about 40’). Chestnut trees are of moderate growth rate (for the Chinese chestnut tree) to fast-growing for American and European species. Its wood has no commercial value at this time. The leaves are glossy and dark green. Many nut trees have just one main root, almost like a giant skinny carrot. Chestnut Tree Problems: Learn About Common Chestnut Diseases, Chestnut Tree Care: Guide To Growing Chestnut Trees, Harvesting Chestnut Trees: When And How To Harvest Chestnuts, Regional To-Do List: December Tasks For Central States, Hard-To-Shop-For Gardeners: Ideas For Unconventional Garden Gifts, Holiday Garden Giving: Ways To Help Others This Season, White Pine Tree Information – Learn How To Plant A White Pine Tree, White Spots On Jade Leaves: How To Get Rid Of White Spots On Jade Plants, What Are Bee Orchids: Information About The Bee Orchid Flower, When Are Grapefruits Ready To Pick: How To Tell If A Grapefruit Is Ripe, The Act Of Giving – Crafty Ways To Give Back, Grateful To Give Back: Sharing The Garden With Others In Need, We’re All In This Together - Passing On Gratitude In The Garden, Recipes From The Garden: Pressure Cooking Root Vegetables. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. The importance of a careful soil survey prior to planting cannot be overemphasized as this may help to prevent mistakes that the grower will have to contend with for the life o… For a large spread, chestnuts can be grown at 65ft (20m) apart. At least two different Chinese chestnut trees are needed to ensure adequate pollination. Planting more of your required pollinator. Twig cankers are possible. Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area. You score each nut with a knife, then roast it or boil it. When the … If space is limited and high early yields are desired, chestnut trees can be planted at a 20-30 foot by 20-30 foot spacing. Category: Shrubs. Due to the continued presence of this disease and to the lack of resistant American chestnut variet- ies, almost all chestnut trees planted in the eastern part of the U. S. are the Chinese type. Chinese chestnut trees (Castanea mollissima) are medium tall trees with spreading branches. A minimum of 35′ for tree spacing when planting Fall Draw™ Chinese Chestnut trees. They can grow in a wide variety of soil types, but I recommend avoiding wet or heavy clay soil. Disease, pest, and problem resistance. Their mature heights vary from the smallest species of chinkapins, often shrubby,  to the giant of past American forests, C. dentata that could reach 60 m . Starting When you decide to start planting American chestnut trees, it’s important to begin early in the spring. View gallery. Chinese chestnut trees are particularly attractive because blight-resistant varieties are available. Fall Draw Chinese Chestnut. We recommend spacing these trees 40' apart to ensure room for growth. Likely the larger spacing is correct. An exceptionally delicate flavor emerges when roasted or used in traditional stuffing. Tolerant of heat and drought. You’ll also need at least two to pollinate each other, no more than 200 feet apart and a minimum of 25-40 feet apart. Cross-pollination by a different variety is key to its growing and bearing success. Chinese Chestnut (23) $29.99 Out of Stock Auburn Homestead Chestnut (2) $44.99. A full answer includes both the tree of that name and the nut of that tree. If the trees are water stressed, the nuts will be smaller and fewer.
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