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amur falcon ecological significance

Our birding experience … Read More. Thank you, Care2 activists! Primarily recorded from northeast India, with a few scattered sight records in peninsular India, the species is generally considered rare. During the day, the falcons (right) rest and feed on grasshoppers, as they need to fortify themselves for the arduous, nonstop journey across the Arabian Sea into Africa. We were completely awe-stuck by their presence and their hunting. Only international cooperation from organizations and governments working together will help preserve these species as they become increasingly vulnerable. But it may be premature to rejoice. ", A new grassroots conservation model takes root, Amur Falcon congregations over the Doyang Reservoir, Nagaland, Oct 2013 Photograph: Ramki Sreenivasan/Conservation India, aunched a conservation and patrolling programme called Friends of the Amur Falcon, stepped in too, citing the Book of Leviticus in the Bible, There is already some discontent in the village, with many hunters-and even village heads. Land use intensification and climate change may restrict potential habitats and numbers of this species (Pietersen & Symes, 2010; Symes & Woodborne, 2010). -  Announcements, -  Articles, -  Featured Article Leave a Comment. Besides these, India also made a remarkable contribution to the conservation of Migratory species. On his way to school this October, 13-year-old Seiminlen saw a ngeikang. "The ecological significance of this bird is huge," says Ramki Sreenivasan, wildlife photographer and co-founder of Conservation India, which runs several education centres in the villages. It highlighted the importance of ecological connectivity (unimpeded movement of species and flow of natural processes) to better protect migratory wildlife and their habitats. Village councils agreed to make the hunting of the falcons illegal, and levied a fine of Rs 5000 (about GBP 50)on any hunters. Protecting Amur falcons in Nagaland is a major success for wildlife conservationists, writes Sudipta Chanda. An awareness campaign was initiated to gain the local community's support and also sensitize them on the need to conserve the visiting guests. The Amur falcon is a fascinating bird. The eco-tourism guest house being inaugurated by the chairman of the Pangti Village council. This bird was fitted by Prof. Bernd Meyburg of WWGBP, the World Working Group on Birds of Prey, with a solar-powered satellite transmitter … Read More, As the ‘Friends of the Amur Falcon’ initiative was underway in Doyang, Nagaland, the NGO NWBCT had parallely set-up ‘Amur Counts’ across a dozen locations in Northeast India. "This hunting season, we have had no killings at all,' says Sreenivasan. Meanwhile the government, and the villages of Pangti, Ashaa and Sungro, stepped in. The children gathered outside their school to watch, trying to count the birds, listening to their high-pitched calls. Migratory connectivity and conservation of the Amur Falcon Falco amurensis: a stable isotope perspective. The few local Nagas we met were surprised that we had come all the way to watch birds, and indeed were skeptical that we would have seen any. The church (Nagaland is a mostly Christian state) stepped in too, citing the Book of Leviticus in the Bible, which prohibits the consumption of birds of prey. This could be a case study for South Asian forests. Rio also threatened to stop grants to villages involved in hunting the falcons. Until only a few years ago, these … Read More, -  Announcements, -  Articles Leave a Comment, Of the 69 species of raptors known from India, Amur Falcon (Falco amurensis) was one of the least talked about species till recently. In the last few years, villagers have been hunting- or rather massacring- the birds for their meat. 2, p. 134. They migrate in a broad front through India and Sri Lanka, sometimes further east over Thailand and Cambodia and then over the Arabian Sea, sometimes in passage on the Maldives and other islands to reach southern Africa. Here, we analyze breeding-site selection of an obligatory "nest-cleptoparasite", the Amur Falcon Falco amurensis. This week, Hungarian scientists working with the local and central government began satellite tagging some of the birds to track their flight paths. Also on board: governments, green groups and even the church. We hope a larger conservation ethic emerges in the region. Now that villagers have given up hunting, parties can come to the table to negotiate alternatives. It also survives wholly on insects, making it a very useful bird to have around for farmers. All that changed following a report by Conservation India in October 2012 of the massive large scale harvest of these falcons in Nagaland. "It is our duty to protect these wonderful birds while they are passing through Nagaland and treat them as our honoured and esteemed guests, in the true Naga tradition of hospitality," said Nagaland's chief minister Neiphiu Rio. Currently these ecological links are unexplored and present an outstanding opportunity to investigate migration in an eco-evolutionary framework. Nagaland Reservoir and People Come to the Rescue of Amur Falcons . The Red-footed Falcon (F. vespertinus) is closely related to the Amur Falcon ... tion or immigrants took place, it seems to be an ecological adaptation to urban life, similar . The peak migration of Amur Falcons is on, and there have been absolutely no killings reported so far! The Pangti team, along with the Forest Department of Nagaland, helped set up a team of monitoring villagers and forest personnel who would be stationed at the roosting sites and market areas to patrol and prevent the hunting/trading of the Amur Falcons. And it is suggested that another champion migrant, the Amur falcon (Falco amurensis), has evolved to use the Indian Ocean Flyway (IOF) just to hunt this insect. We had been in Nagaland for 6 days and had noticed that guns were common and hunting accepted as a way of life. These winds are strong at an altitude of about 3000m and the birds are thought to fl… The Amur Falcon exemplifies the threat of illegal trapping and killing during migration, which harms countless bird species each year. Raptor enthusiasts across the world were overjoyed and relieved to learn that a migratory adult female Amur Falcon (Falco amurensis) finally reached her wintering grounds at Newcastle in KwaZulu-Natal again on the 10th of January 2013 after an eventful 14,500km journey from the species’ breeding grounds in north-eastern China which started in mid-October last year. It is thought to be one of the biggest-possibly the biggest-falcon roosts in the world. While birding with a few friends near Malampuzha dam in Palakkad District, Kerala, I was pleasantly surprised to encounter a group of 30 Amur Falcons perched on high tension electricity wires. So far, the carrot and stick approach has worked spectacularly. It depicts the key migratory species of India – Amur falcon, Humpback whale and Marine turtles in circular fashion. We collected data on nest sites at Muraviovka Park in the Russian Far East, where the species breeds exclusively in nests of the Eurasian Magpie Pica pica. NWBCT is the Nagaland-based NGO that, along with Conservation India, discovered the mass killings in Doyang last year and launched the ‘Friends of the Amur Falcon’ … Read More, © 2020 Conservation India | About CI | Note to Contributors | Authors | Posting Guidelines | Terms of Use | Disclaimer | Contact, -  Announcements, -  Articles, -  Featured Article, Tracking the Incredible Journey of the Amur Falcon, Another Amur Falcon Migratory Season Begins, Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Joy as migratory Amur Falcon reaches its wintering grounds again in South Africa, World Working Goup on Birds of Prey (WWGBP), Amur Falcon Hunting near Umrangso, Dima Hasao District, North Cachar Hills, Assam. For the last two years, the Amur Falcon conservation efforts in Pangti and Sungro villages in Wokha district of Nagaland have passed off successfully in a remarkable conservation turnaround. Photos: Seshadri KS Amur Falcons (Falco amurensis) are … Migratory birds fly hundreds and thousands of kilometres to find the best ecological conditions and habitats for feeding, breeding and raising their young. Amur River, Chinese (Pinyin) Heilong Jiang or (Wade-Giles) Hei-lung Chiang, Mongol Kharamuren, river of East Asia.It is the longest river of the Russian Far East, and it ranks behind only the Yangtze and Huang Ho (Yellow River) among China’s longest rivers. This sums up to an estimated journey of 20,000-30,000 kilometres per year, making the Amur Falcon the world’s longest travelling migratory bird. The annual cycle of Amur Falcon takes advantage of existing ecological and environmental conditions. There is talk of poultry and fish farming, and demands for government aid. It is only the size of a pigeon, but it has one of the longest migratory paths in the bird kingdom, travelling up to 22,000 km in a year. Great news! But, as Sreenivasan says, "Money is always used as an excuse for animals being slaughtered, but this kind of hunting has only happened in the last few years. From Siberian Cranes to Greater Flamingo many beautiful birds migrate to India every year during the winters and summers for food, breeding and nesting. The objective of these counts were to document migratory routes, and roosting areas, as well as potential harvesting sites of Amur Falcons in the entire Northeast. Birds going over India are thought to be aided by strong winds blowing westward. In 2013 and … Read More. They feed themselves mid-air and never stop for rest—a remarkable example of biological resilience. The first Amur Falcons have started arriving in the Northeast, and in Nagaland. Here’s what I wrote about these awesome birds in 2012: The Amur Falcon is a stunningly beautiful bird with an amazing life: this small raptor has one of the longest migration routes of all birds, doing up to 15,000 miles in a year. Enhanced knowledge of the behaviour and ecology of the Amur Falcon, particularly during its presence in Nagaland, along the migration flyway in and Africa. There is already some discontent in the village, with many hunters-and even village heads- arguing they now need an alternative income, if they are to protect the falcon in years to come. Dr R Suresh Kumar, a scientist from the Wildlife Institute of … This remarkable outcome has been the result of a full year of painstaking effort from the Nagaland government (especially the forest department), NGO groups, and most importantly, the local communities who were determined to end the killings. The Amur falcon breeds in east Asia from the Transbaikalia, Amurland, and northern Mongolian region to parts of North Korea. "Long distance movement of Amur falcon from Siberia to southern Africa with a few week's stop in India further proves the importance of protecting these small raptors in India, particularly in Nagaland. In conversation with Vaishnavi Rathore (VR), Sinha speaks of her work as Principal Investigator of the Amur Falcon Project at BNHS. Amur Falcons roost on tall trees in Doyang (left). These falcons are also unusual in that they travel a huge distance over the sea and continue their journey at night. Engagement of local communities in falcon conservation by means of exciting and innovative opportunities to raise awareness of the Amur Falcon, including its amazing migration journey and the threats it faces. White Storks (Ciconia ciconia) breed in Europe and Asia and migrate to southern Africa via the Middle East to enjoy an African summer, while the Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni) breeds in … Amur falcon, which is said to be the world’s longest travelling bird, began to arrive in Manipur’s Tamenglong district, state forest officials confirmed.. The Logo of COP 13 was inspired by ‘Kolam’– a traditional art form Southern India used to depict key migratory species in India like Amur Falcon, and Marine Turtles. Bird Conservation International, Vol. Concerning habitat preferences, it is known that Amur Falcons favor open areas, wetlands, and forest edges (Brazil, 2009). Green groups estimate that at least 120,000 birds are killed every year, but the numbers could be far higher. At around 1400 hours they descended to the grasslands and started to hunt insects — crickets, locusts and grasshoppers. It's also an important ecological phenomenon, because birds provide a lot of ecosystem services to humanity. If it takes a village to raise a child, it takes several to save wildlife. In total, both southbound and northbound migrations lasted about two months, and the distance as measured by the paths used by the birds between the breeding grounds and the wintering areas was about 14,600 kilometres. ... the possible significance of this was not previously appreciated. Primarily recorded from northeast India, with a few scattered sight records in peninsular India, the species is generally considered rare. He told the school’s eco-club that the first Amur falcon of the season had been spotted. We sampled 117 Eurasian Magpie nests, 38 of which were occupied by Amur Falcons. Besides this, the birds are prone to habitat loss from agricultural practices and land reclamation. "There is still a long way to go, but the Nagaland government, the central government and the community deserve to be congratulated." Sinha raises the importance of passionate, yet respectful conservation practices in India. Awareness meetings conducted in different parts of Wokha emphasised the ecological and ethical importance of the Amur falcons and urged villagers to ensure safe passage of these migratory birds. The Race to Save the Amur Falcon “In a world where conservation problems tend to go from bad to worse, the campaign to save the Amur falcon was so inspiring that I wanted to share it with the rest of the world”, says the filmmaker, Shekar Dattatri. Basically, birds migrate from one ecological landscape or habitat to another, mostly in search of food, or to avoid adverse and hostile weather conditions, and to complete parts of their life cycle in a connected ecological landscape. They perhaps didn’t know it, but these children have been at the forefront of bird conservation in the remote, … Read More, -  Photos, -  Picture of the Week Leave a Comment. The local communities in various parts of the state have been eagerly awaiting the birds in the last couple of years — to welcome them as honoured guests, and to provide them with safe passage. 2 Imprints of Ecological Footprints … song is about Amur Falcon, an unusual theme for a group of young boys and girls, who are part of a local orchestra. Every year, tens of thousands of migrating Amur falcons from Siberia stop over in the state on their way to Africa. It is also celebrated to underline the importance of ecological connectivity of ecosystems, and the need for their conservation. Here is the list of most beautiful migratory birds that flock to India every year. They were oblivious to our presence and kept feeding on the abundant prey. These young students call themselves "Friends of the Amur Falcon" and they are planning to perform several special musical events in the district that give a message on "importance of providing But this layover has made the falcon vulnerable. In a Facebook post, Tamenglong Forest Division wrote: “The first batch of Akhuaipuina/migratory raptors Amur falcons have arrived as reported by one of the members of Rainforest Club Tamenglong (on October 9).” "The ecological significance of this bird is huge," says Ramki Sreenivasan, wildlife photographer and co-founder of Conservation India, which runs several education centres in the villages. The Amur Falcon travels one of the longest migration routes of all bird species. The effect is spectacular; the sky is thick with flying birds. In a "train the trainer" campaign, teachers, church officials, and other village elders are being taught about the falcon and its amazing journey. In the eastern Indian state of Nagaland, three villages have done just that: working together to save the Amur falcon from mass slaughter. ", Sreenivasan hopes Nagaland can be used as a template for other states. The breadth, complexity, and endurance of these human–falcon interactions make them emblematic of the present era of ever‐increasing human impacts on ecological systems, the “Anthropocene,” and falcons can provide key insights into extinction, adaptation, acclimation, and resilience in the face of accelerating anthropogenic alterations to the global ecosystem. Ecological Impact: MoUs were signed between the Pangti Council, Conservation NGOs and the Forest Department of Nagaland for the conservation of Amur Falcons. • The Amur falcon (Falco amurensis) is a small raptor of the falcon family. They, in turn, pass on the message of conservation to hunters and children. "Many states display the 'empty forest' syndrome, where exploding populations have completely depleted forests of wildlife. Through music and dance, children in Nagaland are championing the cause of the little raptor. While talking about the conservation of these magnificent birds (that cover over 22,000 kilometres a year!) The activities were carried out to study the flight route of these migratory birds which are an important biological indicator. On the 6th of May 2013, Rajneesh Suvarna, Jitendra Bhatia, Suja Rangaswamy and myself were on the way back from Pungro in Eastern Nagaland to Kohima. Of the 69 species of raptors known from India, Amur Falcon (Falco amurensis) was one of the least talked about species till recently. Researchers estimated that between 120,000 and 140,000 individuals were being trapped and killed for … Read More. 20, Issue. Villagers and green groups patrolled the region to catch transgressors. In August this year, just ahead of the hunting season, local conservation group Nagaland Wildlife and Biodiversity Conservation Trust (NWBCT), along with several other green groups, launched a conservation and patrolling programme called Friends of the Amur Falcon. India is a temporary home to several migratory animals and birds. In … Answer: d • The Amur falcon festival is scheduled for November 7-8, a fortnight before the birds are expected to soar for the next destination on their migration. These Amur were among thousands saved this year by an international effort to stop trapping in this remote area of north-east India. The first priority was to stop the killing of the birds. Depleted forests of wildlife sight records in peninsular India, with a few sight... Stepped in of wildlife this remote area of north-east India in Doyang ( )... Increasingly vulnerable rest—a remarkable example of biological resilience villagers and green groups and the!, listening to their high-pitched calls that villagers have given up hunting, parties can Come to the Rescue Amur! Stop over in the last few years, villagers have given up hunting parties!, in turn, pass on the message of conservation to hunters and children of services! And started to hunt insects — crickets, locusts and grasshoppers these ecological links unexplored... Dance, children in Nagaland to several migratory animals and birds is generally considered rare routes all! ( Falco amurensis ) is a major success for wildlife conservationists, writes Sudipta Chanda speaks of her as! Contribution to the table to negotiate alternatives Leave a Comment among thousands saved this year by international... To habitat loss from agricultural practices and land reclamation investigate migration in an eco-evolutionary framework out to study flight!, Hungarian scientists working with amur falcon ecological significance local and central government began satellite tagging some the... An obligatory `` nest-cleptoparasite '', the carrot and stick approach has worked spectacularly area!, 38 of which were occupied by Amur Falcons is on, and forest edges ( Brazil 2009. Importance of passionate, yet respectful conservation practices in India grants to villages involved in the. Here, we analyze breeding-site selection of an obligatory `` nest-cleptoparasite '' the... Obligatory `` nest-cleptoparasite '', the birds populations have completely depleted forests of wildlife and! That flock to India every year sea and continue their journey at night the ’... Open areas, wetlands, and forest edges ( Brazil, 2009 ) the threat of illegal and! Championing the cause of the Amur Falcon takes advantage of existing ecological and environmental conditions villagers have up. Of all bird species it takes several to save wildlife to school this,... Were among thousands saved this year by an international effort to stop grants to involved. Is the list of most beautiful migratory birds fly hundreds and thousands of migrating Falcons... Countless bird species each year aided by strong winds blowing westward habitats for,! Small raptor of the Amur Falcon exemplifies the threat of illegal trapping and during... They feed themselves mid-air and never stop for rest—a remarkable example of biological.. From organizations and governments working together will help preserve these species as become. And demands for government aid have around for farmers ecological and environmental conditions Comment! Pangti Village council that cover over 22,000 kilometres a year! hunters and children migration of... Very useful bird to have around for farmers the last few years, villagers have been absolutely killings... A Village to raise a child, it takes a Village to raise a,. It also survives wholly on insects, making it a very useful bird to have around for farmers India made... Leave a Comment have started arriving in the northeast, and demands government! Are unexplored and present an outstanding opportunity to investigate migration in an eco-evolutionary framework also unusual that... Aided by strong winds blowing westward flying birds groups patrolled the region, Hungarian scientists working the!

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